Giới từ chỉ nơi chốn trong tiếng Anh

Giới từ chỉ nơi chốn được dùng để chỉ vị trí của một vật với một vật khác.

Nó trả lời cho câu hỏi “Where?”.

Sau đây, Yaffle English sẽ giới thiệu cho các bạn những giới từ chỉ nơi chốn phổ biến nhất và ví dụ để giúp các bạn hiểu rõ hơn.

 

  • In front of = phía trước.

A band plays their music in front of an audience.

A teacher stands in front of the students.

The man standing in the line in front of me smells bad.

Teenagers normally squeeze their zits in front of a mirror.

 

  • Behind = đằng sau. Behind là giới từ trái nghĩa với In front of.

When the teacher writes on the whiteboard, the students are behind him.

Who is that person behind the mask?.

I slowly down because there was the police car behind me.

 

  • Between = ở giữa (2 vật thể).

There are mountains between Chile and Argentina.

The number 5 is between the number 4 and 6.

There is a sea (The English Channel) between England and France.

 

  • Across from/ Opposite = đối diện với….

I live across from a supermarket.

The chess players sat opposite each other before they began their game.

 

  • Next to/ Beside = kế bên.

At a wedding, the bride stands next to the groom.

Guards stand next to the entrance of the bank.

He walked beside me as we went down the street.

In this part of town there isn’t a footpath beside the road so you have to be careful.

 

  • Near/ Close to = gần đó. Có nghĩa giống với Next to/ Beside nhưng giữa hai vật thể này có một khoảng cách nhất định.

The receptionist is near the front door.

This building is near the subway station.

We couldn’t park the car close to the store.

Our house is close to the supermarket.

 

  • On = ở trên.

The clock on the wall is slow.

He puts the food on the table.

I can see the spider on the ceiling.

We were told not to walk on the grass.

 

  • Above/ Over = ở trên, cao hơn cái gì đó.

Planes normally fly above the clouds.

There is a ceiling above you.

There is a halo over my head.

We put a sun umbrella over the table so we couldn’t get so hot.

Our neighbors in a apartment above us are really noisy.

 

  • Under/ Below = ở dưới, thấp hơn cái gì đó.

Your legs are under the table.

Monsters live under your bed.

A river flows under a bridge.

How long can you stay under the water?.

Miners work below the surface of the Earth.